♦ ought

♦ ought
♦ ought (1) /ɔ:t/
v. modale
ought ha caratteristiche particolari:
● ha significato di condizionale;
● non ha forme flesse (-s alla 3a pers. sing. pres., -ing, -ed), non è mai usato con ausiliari e non ha quindi tempi composti;
● forma le domande mediante la semplice posposizione del soggetto;
● la forma negativa è ought not, spesso abbreviato in oughtn't;
● viene usato nelle question tags;
1 (esprime dovere morale) He ought to be more patient with her, dovrebbe avere più pazienza con lei; You ought to be ashamed of yourself!, dovresti vergognarti!; It ought not to be allowed, non lo si dovrebbe permettere
2 (esprime opportunità, consiglio, rimprovero) You ought to see a doctor about that foot, dovresti far vedere quel piede da un dottore; You just ought to hear him!, dovresti sentirlo!; Oughtn't we to do something about it?, non dovremmo (o non sarebbe bene) fare qualcosa?; I ought to remind you that…, è bene (o, form., è d'uopo) che vi ricordi che…; This ought to have been done months ago, lo si sarebbe dovuto fare mesi fa
3 (esprime probabilità) This ought to be enough, questo dovrebbe bastare; They ought to be able to help you, dovrebbero poterti aiutare; They ought to have arrived by now, dovrebbero essere arrivati ormai; DIALOGO-Asking for directions- There ought to be a cashpoint in the shopping centre, dovrebbe esserci un bancomat nel centro commerciale.
ought (2) /ɔ:t/
n.
(variante di aught) alcunché; alcuna cosa; qualunque cosa.

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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  • ought — [ ɔt ] modal verb *** Ought is usually followed by to and an infinitive: You ought to tell the truth. Sometimes it is used without to or a following infinitive in a formal way: I don t practice as often as I ought. It is also used in an informal… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • ought to — W2S1 [ˈo:t tu: US ˈo:t ] modal v [: Old English; Origin: ahte, past tense of agan; OWE] 1.) used to say that someone should do something because it is the best or most sensible thing to do = ↑should ▪ You really ought to quit smoking. ▪ The… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ought — Ought, imp., p. p., or auxiliary. [Orig. the preterit of the verb to owe. OE. oughte, aughte, ahte, AS. [=a]hte. [root]110. See {Owe}.] 1. Was or were under obligation to pay; owed. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] This due obedience which they ought to the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ought To Go — Breed Quarter Horse Discipline Racing Sire Go Man Go Grandsire …   Wikipedia

  • ought — In current use the verb ought is followed by a to infinitive: • You ought to have a cooked breakfast, these cold mornings David Lodge, 1988. Since it is a modal verb, it forms a negative directly with not and forms a question by plain inversion:… …   Modern English usage

  • ought — ought1 [ôt] v.aux. used with infinitives and meaning: 1. to be compelled by obligation or duty [he ought to pay his debts ] or by desirability [you ought to eat more] 2. to be expected or likely [it ought to be over soon]: Past time is expressed… …   English World dictionary

  • ought — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. present and past ought) 1) used to indicate duty or correctness. 2) used to indicate something that is probable. 3) used to indicate a desirable or expected state. 4) used to give or ask advice. USAGE The standard… …   English terms dictionary

  • ought to have (done something) — phrase used when you realize that someone did not do the right thing in the past You ought to have listened to the warnings. I know I ought not to have taken the money. Thesaurus: modal verbshyponym Main entry: ought …   Useful english dictionary

  • ought — ought·lins; ought·ness; ought; …   English syllables

  • Ought — ([add]t), n. & adv. See {Aught}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ought|n't — «AWT uhnt», ought not …   Useful english dictionary

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